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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


in is the first Deaf charter school in the United States, opening in 1993. The school serves students in the Twin Cities and Western Wisconsin from ages 2 to 21 who are primarily Deaf, DeafBlind and Hard of Hearing students, often being visual and/or tactile learners. All students who attend have Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) and fall under the special education category, defined by the Minnesota Department of Education as students who “have a disability and need specialized instruction” (Minnesota Department of Education, n.d.). At , students are instructed in American Sign Language (ASL) and English is primarily taught through print.

The is an undergraduate student research lab at the University of in . Members of the come from a variety of majors such as education, engineering, and psychology. Student researchers collaborate to promote learning through play on projects such as Circus Science (Roche et al., 2020), The PLAYground (Monson et al., 2020), and OK GO Sandbox (Schumacher et al., 2020). The frequently collaborates with community partners such as The Minnesota Children’s Museum, Twin Cities Trapeze, and .

The has been working with for over 8 years, starting with after-school STEAM workshops for students to engage in engineering projects outside their normal curriculum (Kasper et al., 2016). In 2020, the worked with to host an online PLAYground camp for students in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic (Monson et al., 2021). Ongoing research through this collaboration include teacher workshops exploring the Scratch programming language through videos presented in ASL and LEGO Spike Prime with their students.