Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Bulge effect is the out-of-plane displacement of a panel of a corrugated fiberboard box from its original position. This bulge effect often is the result of excessive weight being placed on a box that rests at the bottom of a palletized load. Panels that are out-of-plane reduce the stacking strength of the box and can result in damage to products inside the containers. This study was designed to find the influence of fiberboard container design on its bulging performance when under compression. The objective of the study was to determine if change in height of a regular slotted container will affect the bulging performance in relation to different environmental conditions. For this study, a three heights were selected based on the market study of the natural produce sector and testing was conducted in accordance to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. All the samples were conditioned in accordance to ASTM and Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry (TAPPI) standards. Data analysis for the three box heights suggests that compression bulge displacement may be affected in some scenarios.