This study considered rhythmic performance of rescue breathing by trained emergency responders and lay persons. Participants were asked to complete rescue breathing in 10 different scenarios. Such scenarios were intended to evaluate the effects of target rhythms and distractors on the responder's ability to administer rescue breathing ventilations at the appropriate rate and rhythm, in accordance with the standards established by the American Red Cross (2011). Current research concerning rhythmic performance with target and distractor rhythms suggests that auditory rhythms, whether target or distractor, have a greater influence on the motor behaviors of the human than visual rhythms. This research aimed to establish that with the aid of an auditory target rhythm, set to beat at the appropriate rescue breathing rate as set by the American Red Cross (2011), responders can more accurately administer rescue breathing and save lives. Therefore, this research will help support the development of an assistive medical device for more accurate administration of rescue breathing in real-world emergencies.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation--Technological innovations; Noise--Physiological effect; Distraction (Psychology); Medical instruments and apparatus

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Psychology (CLA)


Rantanen, Esa


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: RC87.9 .S58 2013


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes