Remote sensing systems can be used to identify objects without physical contact. In hyperspectral remote sensing systems, pixels from a 3D hypercube can be described as a one-dimensional spectra. This one-dimensional spectrum can contain information about surface reflectance and emissivity variation as a function of wavelength, and is often thought of as the materials spectral signature or fingerprint. This spectral signature can be used in applications such as spectral target detection. To study the spectral signatures variation and its impact on target detection, for example, a parameter trade- off study is often needed. In this research, a full-spectrum spectral imaging system analytical model, called the Forecasting and Analysis of Spectroradiometric System Performance (FASSP), has been used and improved upon. FASSP uses first- and second-order statistics of surface spectral reflectances or emissivities and temperature variations to describe a user-defined remote sensing scenario. The statistics are propagated through an imaging system-like model with the addition of atmosphere effects and sensor noise, for example. The system can then use this information in a target detection application where results are illustrated in the form of a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. The current FASSP model performs target detection in both the VNIR and LWIR. More specifically, in the LWIR the model relied on at-sensor radiance statistics. However, in most realistic cases, target detection in the LWIR is applied to retrieved emissivities where surface temperature is also a key obtained parameter. This retrieved domain was absent in the FASSP model. Therefore, to obtain retrieved surface temperatures and simulate more realistic LWIR scenarios, a statistical approach to temperature/emissivity separation (TES) called the statistical iterative spectrally smooth temperature- emissivity separation (S-ISSTES) algorithm has been derived and integrated into the FASSP model. The new S-ISSTES module can retrieve first- and second-order statistics of surface emissivities and ground temperatures. This work was derived and validated in a study that used HyTES LWIR data. Additionally, this research constructed and implemented an equivalent adaptive cosine estimator (ACE) detector called the cotangent detector (COT) into the FASSP model. This new detector was also tested and validated. Lastly, we constructed a study using the Hapke mixing model, based on user defined particle-related parameters coupled with Monte-Carlo simulations, to generate needed covariance matrices for mixed particle material detection studies using FASSP.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Infrared spectroscopy; Remote sensing--Statistics; Remote sensing--Mathematical models; Emissivity

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Imaging Science (Ph.D.)

Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


Emmett Ientilucci

Advisor/Committee Member

David Ross

Advisor/Committee Member

Charles Bachmann


This dissertation has been embargoed. The full-text will be available on or around 5/19/204.


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes


Available for download on Saturday, May 18, 2024