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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


The effect of a small amount of organoclay (OMMT) on mechanical, dynamic-mechanical, barrier and thermal properties of blown films based on blends of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and polyamide 11 (PA11) was investigated. The addition of PA11 results in a decrease of elastic modulus (E) and tensile strength (σR) compared to neat PLA, which suggests poor interfacial adhesion between the polymer phases.

Besides an enhancement of E and σR, the addition of 1 wt% of OMMT brings about a significant increase of the elongation at break.

Neither blending with PA11 nor adding OMMT cause appreciable alterations of the barrier properties of the films, which remain essentially the same as those of pure PLA. Thermogravimetric analysis reveals that the onset of thermal degradation of the OMMT-filed blend is 15°C higher than of neat PLA. This improvement is probably due to the "labyrinth effect" of the PA11 phase. Finally, the OMMT brings about a slight enhancement of the glassy modulus compared to the unfilled blend, which suggests that the clay may exert some compatibilizing action. Such a beneficial effect of the OMMT endures up to the glass transition of PLA.

he testing methods such as CCT, RCT, FCT, COBB, bursting etc. are supported by statistical technique and do not provide accurate results. The reason is the deviation of testing results. The same problem can be defined at the classification of different paper materials and qualities. This paper describes a new possible testing method to analyze the chemical and thermo-analytical nature of papers. This method can be used to specify effectively the limits of a given paper quality using in packaging industry and can help to ensure the exact traceability of paper identification. The results show that the this method on the one hand can be helpful to testing the paper during packaging producing process on the other hand after using as a packaging. To the testing a DSC measurement device was used as a thermo-analytical method to observe new specifics of paper based packaging.