Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Smart Tags are functional, information transmitting elements that combine 2D barcodes and environmental sensing into a cost effective tag that can be attached to e.g. product packages, where additional elements should not increase the product costs significantly. Important feature of these Smart Tags is that they can be attached to products in very high-speed production lines, which makes them suitable to fast moving consumer goods. Because the Smart Tags are sensitive to environmental conditions, they are dynamic, but they also enable context aware services as each of them can be unique. The enabling technologies behind these Smart Tags are i) 2D barcodes and ii) functional inks, such as thermochromic and photochromic inks, and iii) printed visual indicators. In this paper, different ink and indicator technologies are used to build Smart Tags. Both commercial inks and developmental grades are in focus. Furthermore, it is evaluated if these tags can be detected by mobile phone reader.