The purpose of this study was to (a) determine whether the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills Oral Reading Fluency (DORF) measure and the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) will accurately predict student failure on statewide assessments of reading performance, and (b) establish risk indicators for both DORF and the DRA that are predictive of student failure on a statewide reading assessment. One hundred ninety-five second grade students were administered DORF probes during the fall, winter, and spring and the DRA during the fall and spring. They were then administered the New York State English Language Arts Examination (NYS ELA) during January of their third grade year. Patterns of correlations between the two potential screening measures and the NYS ELA were examined. Risk indicators for predicting student performance on the NYS ELA were established using Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results indicated both DORF and the DRA were moderately effective at predicting student performance on the ELA during the following school year. Comparisons between risk indicators established in the present study and previously established district benchmarks were made.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Reading (Elementary)--Ability testing--New York (State); Educational tests and measurements--Evaluation

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

School Psychology (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Psychology (CLA)


None provided


Physical copy available from RIT's Wallace Library at LB1525.75 .D38 2008


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes