This study analyzes the reporting of four issues that have impacted the Native American community. The research begins by addressing historical events that transformed Native American identity and have shaped the media’s representation of Native identity. Framing theory, muted group theory, and tribal critical race theory support this study, with framing theory focusing on examining the news discourse. This study seeks to identify how Native American issues are framed differently in Indian Country Today Media Network and the New York Times, and seeks to identify if the Native voice can be heard in articles written by Native journalists. The results of this study suggest that the sources were the most significant difference between the articles by ICTMN and the NYT. Sources also were the key element in hearing the Native voice.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Indians of North America--Press coverage; Identity (Psychology) in mass media

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Communication and Media Technologies (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

School of Communication (CLA)


Andrea Hickerson

Advisor/Committee Member

James Myers

Advisor/Committee Member

Grant Cos


Physical copy available from RIT's Wallace Library at PN4888.I52 S36 2016


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes