Kai Tian


The development of extremely-constrained environments having sensitive nodes such as RFID tags and nano-sensors necessitates the use of lightweight block ciphers. Indeed, lightweight block ciphers are essential for providing low-cost confidentiality to such applications. Nevertheless, providing the required security properties does not guarantee their reliability and hardware assurance when the architectures are prone to natural and malicious faults. In this thesis, considering false-alarm resistivity, error detection schemes for the lightweight block ciphers are proposed with the case study of XTEA (eXtended TEA). We note that lightweight block ciphers might be better suited for low-resource environments compared to the Advanced Encryption Standard, providing low complexity and power consumption. To the best of the author's knowledge, there has been no error detection scheme presented in the literature for the XTEA to date. Three different error detection approaches are presented and according to our fault-injection simulations for benchmarking the effectiveness of the proposed schemes, high error coverage is derived. Finally, field-programmable gate array (FPGA) implementations of these proposed error detection structures are presented to assess their efficiency and overhead. The proposed error detection architectures are capable of increasing the reliability of the implementations of this lightweight block cipher. The schemes presented can also be applied to lightweight hash functions with similar structures, making the presented schemes suitable for providing reliability to their lightweight security-constrained hardware implementations.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Ciphers; Computer security; Radio frequency identification systems--Security measures

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Electrical Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Electrical Engineering (KGCOE)


Mehran Mozaffari-Kermani

Advisor/Committee Member

Dorin Patru

Advisor/Committee Member

Reza Azarderakhsh


Physical copy available from RIT's Wallace Library at Z103 .T43 2014


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes