This thesis develops a new hybrid target detection algorithm called the Physics Based-Structured InFeasibility Target-detector (PB-SIFT) which incorporates Physics Based Modeling (PBM) along with a new Structured Infeasibility Projector (SIP) metric. Traditional matched filters are susceptible to leakage or false alarms due to bright or saturated pixels that appear target-like to hyperspectral detection algorithms but are not truly target. This detector mitigates against such false alarms.

More often than not, detection algorithms are applied to atmospherically compensated hyperspectral imagery. Rather than compensate the imagery, we take the opposite approach by using a physics based model to generate permutations of what the target might look like as seen by the sensor in radiance space. The development and status of such a method is presented as applied to the generation of target spaces. The generated target spaces are designed to fully encompass image target pixels while using a limited number of input model parameters. Evaluation of such target spaces shows that they can reproduce a HYDICE image target pixel spectrum to less than 1% RMS error (equivalent reflectance) in the visible and less than 6% in the near IR. Background spaces are modeled using a linear subspace (structured) approach characterized by basis vectors found by using the maximum distance method (MaxD).

The SIP is developed along with a Physics Based Orthogonal Projection Operator (PBosp) which produces a 2 dimensional decision space. Results from the HYDICE FR I data set show that the physics based approach, along with the PB-SIFT algorithm, can out perform the Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM) and Spectral Matched Filter (SMF) on both exposed and fully concealed man-made targets found in hyperspectral imagery. Furthermore, the PB-SIFT algorithm performs as good (if not better) than the Mixture Tuned Matched Filter (MTMF).

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Remote sensing--Data processing; Remote sensing--Mathematical models; Image processing--Digital techniques; Signal detection; Computer algorithms

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Imaging Science (Ph.D.)

Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


John R. Schott

Advisor/Committee Member

Harvey E. Rhody

Advisor/Committee Member

John P. Kerekes


Physical copy available from RIT's Wallace Library at G70.4 .I48 2005


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