Surface quality is an important characteristic commonly assessed in wooden products. Sanding relies on coated abrasives as tooling for both dimensioning and surface finishing but their performance is dependent on chip loading and grit wear. Traditionally, the useful life of abrasive belts in sanding operation has been manually assessed. This type of inspection is highly subjective and dependent upon individual expertise, consequently leading to under utilization or over utilization of the abrasive. This, in turn, affects the production costs and quality of the product. In this work, an intelligent classification method that determines the optimal replacement policy for a belt exposed to known manufacturing parameters is developed. Controlled experiments were conducted to develop abrasive belts of known exposure, followed with digital microscopy to capture images and process them with pattern recognition and classification algorithms. Grit size and machining time were the parameters of interest while response of the experiments included image information from the abrasive sheets after every experimental run. These images were used in training an artificial neural network that in turn, help in determining data to categorize the useful life of the abrasive. The results show a 95% success rate in accurately classifying abrasive images of similarly conditioned abrasives. Also, the results show that the classification of interpolated and extrapolated times of abrasive usage are classified with a 95% success rate. A classification of abrasive images is proposed to be used as one of the inputs to a decision system that would help in evaluating the life of the abrasive and replacement policies. Further research on the relationship between the different parameters affecting the useful life of the abrasive is proposed.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Computer vision--Industrial applications; Abrasives; Wood finishing; Sanding machines

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Industrial and Systems Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Industrial and Systems Engineering (KGCOE)


Andres Carrano

Advisor/Committee Member

Ferat Sahin


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes