Mark Steinke


Microscale heat transfer and microfluidics have become increasingly important to overcome some very complex engineering challenges. The use of very small passages to gain heat transfer enhancement is a well documented method for achieving high heat flux dissipation. However, some interesting experimental results have caused researchers to question if the conventional theories for fluid flow and heat transfer are valid in the microscale passages. However, there is no significant physical basis for the discrepancies with singlephase liquid flows when the passage is scaled to the microscale. The present work identifies the sources of the discrepancies reported in literature and provides a method to correct for them. In the course of this pursuit, a new experimental facility is developed to generate highly accurate experimental data for single-phase flow of water. The new experimental data are used to highlight the sources of discrepancies and illustrate a course of action to correct for them. Finally, a novel method for creating even greater heat transfer enhancement has been realized. Small offset fins have been fabricated in silicon microchannels in order to create a constantly developing flow in the microchannel heat exchanger and thus heat transfer enhancement. A new parameter based upon the heat flux dissipated and the pressure drop required is developed to aid in the comparison between these enhanced silicon microchannels and plain geometry silicon microchannels. The result is an order of magnitude increase in thermal performance with a marginal increase in overall pressure drop.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Fluid-structure interaction; Fluid dynamics; Heat-transfer media; Heat sinks (Electronics); Heat--Transmission

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Department, Program, or Center

Microsystems Engineering (KGCOE)


Kandlikar, Satish

Advisor/Committee Member

Abushagur, Mustafa

Advisor/Committee Member

Palmer, Harvey


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: TA357.5.F58 S74 2005


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