Faton Aliu


South East Europe (SEE) is moving rapidly toward the creation of a regional electricity market and wholesale electricity market/power exchange that will improve competitive performance and increase liquidity and reliability. Kosovo’s utility leaders are very interested in becoming active partners in a well-developed regional electricity market. In order to achieve this then certain criteria have to be met. This capstone project gives a general background of electricity markets with developments in Europe and especially Southeast Europe (SEE) for meeting the criteria for promoting a more integrated regional electricity market. Eight criteria to be discussed are: Supply and demand conditions, Trading Mechanisms, Physical capabilities of transmission lines, Electricity related legal and regulatory issues, Increase of generation capacities in region, Electricity market prices and tariffs, Third Party Access to use the network, and Environmental issues and renewable energy sources. This project starts from defining the main goals and then discusses different elements, which challenge the stakeholders on their way to achieve an open electricity market infrastructure and appropriate economic regulatory environment. Several sections will discuss the criteria for efficient electricity markets. These will allow better understanding of the subject and easier catch up with the problems related to SEE Transmission System Operators (TSO) functions, with the main focus being on the Kosovo TSO and its relationships with neighboring TSOs. The following table (Table 7.4) explains consumption and net import (+) / net export (-) of South Eastern Countries in 2008.

Publication Date


Document Type

Master's Project

Student Type


Department, Program, or Center

Professional Studies (CMS)


Demiri, Donika


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American University in Kosovo