This research assessed the consumer acceptance of a recycled paper scoop versus the existing polystyrene (PS) scoop as a dosing device for synthetic powder laundry detergents. Specifically: (1) Were the consumers aware of and in agreement with the environmental benefits of a recycled paper scoop versus the current plastic scoop? (2) Did consumers consider a recycled paper scoop as an acceptable replacement for the current plastic measuring scoop? The implementation of a recycled paper scoop would reduce packaging waste by approximately 20% by weight and a significant source reduction through decreased consumption of raw materials. Additionally, it would provide a substantial cost savings of approximately $30M USD annually. The recycled paper scoop consisted of 50% of post industrial (external) recycled fibres, 40% of post consumer recycled fibres and 10% of virgin fibres and internal waste sources. The 10% virgin fibres and internal sources was used to help increase the board strength and improve printability. The TAPPI (1989) test methods were used in the selection of the paperboard grades in meeting the performance requirements of the paper scoop application. The results of the home performance test indicated that a recycled paper measuring scoop was not an acceptable replacement for the plastic measuring scoop. Although there were positive ratings on the recycled paper scoop, they related to generalities and environmental preference. The recycled paper measuring scoop cannot substitute several aspects of the plastic scoop, specifically, the technical functionality, durability, rigidity and utility.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Packaging--Environmental aspects; Scoops--Design and construction; Recycling (Waste, etc.); Detergents--Packaging

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Mechanical Engineering (KGCOE)


Proctor, L.

Advisor/Committee Member

Olsson, D.

Advisor/Committee Member

Kohler, J.


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: TD195.P26L43 1993


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