Orbe Garcia


THE GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRY IN MEXICO - TRAINING AND EDUCATIONAL ASPECTS Purpose of the Study: The general purpose of the study was to identify the training/educational needs existing in the graphic arts industry in Mexico and to make an assessment of the present situation and how those needs are being met. Specific purposes were to determine how the existing training/educating plans and programs are dealing with the influx of new technology being imported; to examine the type of new technology being purchased, by which sectors and the reasons for capital and equipment expenditures by these sectors; to analyse what problems are inherent in the acquisition of new technology, mainly in the training and retraining of operating personnel; and to inquire on the need for a centralized technical organization which could serve as a liaison between technological changes occurring in the industry and the adaptation of those changes to the Mexican training/educational environment. Procedure: For the purposes of this study, the procedures used were within the framework of conventional research methods. Primary sources directly connected with Mexico were obtained through the initial mailing of questionnaires to Mexican firms and the subsequent field research conducted by personal interviews and obtaining data from governmental and other sources. In addition, surveys of related literature were conducted in the United States through several libraries and government institutions which were consulted for related materials. Findings: The most important findings were: 1. Training/educating facilities in Mexico for the graphic arts need to be increased. Enlargement and improvement of existing programs were deemed important in preparing the work force. 2. Training of workers in the graphic arts industry has traditionally been done through on-the-job training; this approach continues today. 3. New technology is being acquired throughout the industry. Labor-saving and quality considerations were the main factors in acquisition. 4. Manufacturers/suppliers initial training at the time of installation of new equipment was judged deficient in duration and content. 5. There is an increased need for information exchange regarding new equipment, techniques, procedures, etc. 6. The creation of a centralized technical center and the need for such a center to combine training and technological transfer was deemed necessary by all respondents. 7. Training/capacitating efforts are increasingly being focused on the Law of Capacitation and Training which makes the training of workers compulsory and the full responsibility of the owners. 8. More training efforts must be made to upgrade/update instructors' preparation. Conclusions: The following conclusions were derived from the study: 1. More in-depth studies are needed to study the effects of technological change on level of skill needed, occupation redundancy and creation, retraining and employment perspectives. 2. Coordination of present training programs should help in preventing duplication of efforts and in meeting capacitating needs more effectively. 3. The problem of appropriate technology remains real to Mexico; its large labor force requires a labor-intensive approach to employment, counter to the present acquisition of new technology. 4. A better general education will be essential for trainees coming into the industry to enable them to cope with fast changes in technology. 5. There is a need for more technical centers for the graphic arts equipped with modern equipment where a theoretical-practical approach can be instituted.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Graphic arts--Study and teaching--Mexico; Printing industry--Mexico; Printing--Study and teaching--Mexico

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

School of Photographic Arts and Sciences (CIAS)


Campbell, Walter

Advisor/Committee Member

Noga, Joseph


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in December 2013.

Physical copy available from RIT's Wallace Library at Z122 .G37


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