Traditional radar technology consists of multiple platforms, each designed to process only a single mission objective, such as Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI), Airborne Moving Target Indication (AMTI) or Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). This is no longer considered a cost effective solution, thus leading to the increased need for a single radar platform which can perform multiple radar missions. Many algorithms have been developed to specifically address multi-objective design problems. One such approach, the Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm 2 (SPEA2), applies the concept of evolution through a Genetic Algorithm (GA) to the design of simultaneous orthogonal waveforms. The objectives of the various radar missions are often conflicting. The goal of SPEA2 is to find the best waveform suite in the Pareto sense. Preliminary results of this algorithm applied to a scaled down multi-objective mission scenario have been promising. One setback of the use of this algorithm is its abundant computational complexity. Even in a scaled down simulation, performance does not meet expectations. This thesis investigated a hardware and software optimization of SPEA2 applied to simultaneous multi-mission waveform design, using hybrid FPGAs. Hybrid FPGAs contain a combination of a single or multiple embedded processors and reconfigurable hardware. The algorithm was first implemented in C on a PC, then profiled and analyzed. The C code was translated to run on an embedded PowerPC 405 processing core on a Virtex4 FX (V4FX). The hardware fabric of the V4FX was utilized to offload the main bottleneck of the algorithm from the PowerPC 405 core to hardware for speedup, while various software optimizations were also implemented, in an effort to improve performance. Performance results from the V4FX implementation were not ideal. Thus, many suggestions for future

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Radar--Data processing; Genetic algorithms; Field programmable gate arrays

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Computer Engineering (KGCOE)


Amuso, Vincent

Advisor/Committee Member

Shaaban, Muhammad


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