A study is described in which the effects of the atmosphere on a remotely sensed, multispectral image of water are reduced in a spatially varying manner. The near zero IR reflectance of a water body is used to compute the atmospheric path transmittance and atmospheric path radiance on a pixel-by-pixel basis for a LANDSAT-5 Thematic Mapper image of Lake Ontario. TM Band 4 (0.76-0.90um) image radiance measures are used to define the atmospheric path radiance. Radiosonde data and the LOWTRAN 6 atmospheric model are used to compute the equivalent atmospheric effects for the spectral regions corresponding to the visible wavelength Thematic Mapper image bands on a pixel specific basis. The pixel-by-pixel correction technique is shown to provide a useful reduction of atmospheric effects and to significantly reduce the uncertainty in the image derived measurement of water reflectance.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Remote sensing--Data processing; Remote sensing--Effect of weather on; Image processing--Digital techniques; Imaging systems--Image quality

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


Schott, John


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: TA1632.S2992 1989


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