Zhen Wang


This thesis develops a framework for implementing radiometric modeling and visualization of wildland fire. The ability to accurately model physical and op- tical properties of wildfire and burn area in an infrared remote sensing system will assist efforts in phenomenology studies, algorithm development, and sensor evaluation. Synthetic scenes are also needed for a Wildland Fire Dynamic Data Driven Applications Systems (DDDAS) for model feedback and update. A fast approach is presented to predict 3D flame geometry based on real time measured heat flux, fuel loading, and wind speed. 3D flame geometry could realize more realistic radiometry simulation. A Coupled Atmosphere-Fire Model is used to de- rive the parameters of the motion field and simulate fire dynamics and evolution. Broad band target (fire, smoke, and burn scar) spectra are synthesized based on ground measurements and MODTRAN runs. Combining the temporal and spa- tial distribution of fire parameters, along with the target spectra, a physics based model is used to generate radiance scenes depicting what the target might look like as seen by the airborne sensor. Radiance scene rendering of the 3D flame includes 2D hot ground and burn scar cooling, 3D flame direct radiation, and 3D indirect reflected radiation. Fire Radiative Energy (FRE) is a parameter defined from infrared remote sensing data that is applied to determine the radiative energy released during a wildland fire. FRE derived with the Bi-spectral method and the MIR radiance method are applied to verify the fire radiance scene synthesized in this research. The results for the synthetic scenes agree well with published values derived from wildland fire images.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Wildfires--Mathematical models; Wildfires--Remote sensing; Remote sensing--Data processing; Image processing--Digital techniques; Computer algorithms

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Department, Program, or Center

Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


Vodacek, Anthony - Chair

Advisor/Committee Member

Kremens, Robert

Advisor/Committee Member

Salvaggio, Carl


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: SD421.45.M37 W36 2007


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