By linking actual hazards experienced in the field to pre shipment packaging test protocols, the development of a robust packaging specification is developed. This study evaluated the international air freight distribution environment for shipment between the United States and the Netherlands. Utilizing an Environmental Data Recorder, the data identified that different events, other than the normally expected drops and impacts, were experienced. Based on force direction, magnitude and waveform analysis, the data identified that the product is being tossed as it is transported. The results of this study will provide data to enable the creation of a preshipment packaging test protocol that accounts for these new environmental forces.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Packing for shipment--Evaluation; Packing for shipment--Quality control; Freight and freightage--United States--Quality control; Aeronautics, Commercial--United States--Quality control

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Packaging Science (CAST)


Goodwin, Dan

Advisor/Committee Member

Proctor, Karen

Advisor/Committee Member

Feigel, Tom


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: TS197 .E5 1999


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