The study of the variability of the solar corona and the monitoring of its traditional regions (Coronal Holes, Quiet Sun and Active Regions) are of great importance in astrophysics as well as in view of the Space Weather applications. The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) provides high resolution images of the sun imaged at different wavelengths at a rate of approximately one every 10 seconds, a great resource for solar monitoring . Today, the process of identifying features and estimating their properties is applied manually in an iterative fashion to verify the detection results. We introduce a complete, automated image-processing pipeline, starting with raw data and ending with quantitative data of high level feature parameters. We implement two multichannel unsupervised algorithms that automatically segments EUV AIA solar images into Coronal Holes, Quiet Sun and Active Regions in near real time. We also develop a method of post processing to deal with fragments in a segmented image by spatial validity based compact clustering. The segmentation results are consistent with well-known algorithms and databases. The parameters extracted from the segments like area closely follow the solar activity pattern. Moreover, the methods developed within the proposed framework are generic enough to allow the study of any solar feature (e.g. Coronal Bright points) provided that the feature can be deduced from AIA images.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Imaging systems in astronomy; Image processing; Solar oscillations--Data processing; Sun--Corona--Imaging

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Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science (COS)


Dube, Roger


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