This thesis was a pragmatic exploration into die patination process of copper. Two particular process elements were researched; patina layering and manipulation of the environment in which patination occurs. The success of the process will be determined by the permanence, consistency, durability and aesthetic worth of the resulting patina. The primary process element, that of patina layering, was comprised of a hot immersion process followed by compatibility tests with a subsequent exposure to fumed, sprayed, and saturated suspension processes. Initial and subsequent surface preparations were required. Additionally the process element of environment and its effects, both visually and texturally on the metal being patinated, was explored. Environmental factors manipulated and introduced were comprised of, but not limited to, temperature and suspension/drying medium (sawdust, wood-chips, cat litter, rolling or chewing tobacco, marbles, steel slag, iron fillings, etc.). A body of work comprised of vessels, functional and non-functional, provided an outlet for exhibition of the resultant patinas.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Patina of metals; Copper--Coloring; Copper--Finishing; Copperwork

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

School for American Crafts (CIAS)


Romaguera-McNulty, Aminta

Advisor/Committee Member

Davis, Tracy


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: TT382.2 .V36 1999


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