Extra-year programs are widely used to help students who are deemed "unready" to master the curriculum of the next grade. This study investigated the academic effectiveness of a pre-first grade program in a suburban, predominantly Caucasian, upper middle class school system. Twenty-five matched pairs of children were selected for the study based on a readiness score on the Brigance K & 1 screening. Children who spent an extra year in pre-first grade were matched with youngsters who proceeded directly to the first grade based on gender, date of birth, and Brigance score. While no significant differences were found between the two groups of students on the basis of Iowa achievement test scores in reading and language, a significant difference was found between the two groups in mathematics (fourth grade).

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Education, Preschool; Academic achievement; Mathematical ability--Ability testing

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Department of Psychology (CLA)


Names Illegible


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: LB1140.2 .G76 1997


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