The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of participating in the school breakfast program on performance in mathematics by children of low socioeconomic status. Stanford Achievement Test (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989) scores in mathematics were collected for children who qualified for and joined the school based, publicly funded, breakfast program, in a small rural Western New York district, both before and after this program became available. There were a total of 24 children who met this requirement and joined the program during second, third, or fourth grade. A control group was comprised of children in the same school district who attended grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 prior to the implementation of the school breakfast program. These children joined the program as soon as it became available when they were in middle school. These children also qualified for the publicly funded breakfast. There were 1 1 children from this district who met this criteria. Their Stanford Achievement Test scores were gathered for first, second, third and fourth grades. While the results of this study were not significant, the trend in the data was for participation in the breakfast program to improve performance in mathematics.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

School children--Nutrition; Mathematical ability--Nutritional aspects; Academic achievement--Nutritional aspects; School breakfast programs

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Department of Psychology (CLA)


DiFonzo, Nicholas


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: RJ206 .R346 1997


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