Through the use of eye-tracking and conversation analysis this study examined the impact of video-conferencing on communication. Paired participants performed a collaborative task over four communication media: face-to-face; desktop video-conferencing with eye contact; and life-size video-conferencing with and without eye contact. Participants more frequently checked the information their partner verbally relayed when communicating face-to-face and over life-size video-conferencing with eye contact. They also looked more at their partner when conversing over life-size video-conferencing with eye contact compared to the other conditions. The results imply that the mode across which we communicate does influence our verbal and non-verbal interactions but that people still prefer to talk face-to-face.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Communication--Research; Eye--Movements--Testing; Gaze; Videoconferencing

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Department of Psychology (CLA)


Herbert, Andrew


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