Whenever a Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing person or a group of deaf people converse with people who aren’t deaf, they know various communication approaches such as writing notes on paper or phones, basic gestures, talking clearly, or lip reading if they grew up with an oral method. A Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing person may have hearing devices: hearing aids or cochlear implants, or they have none of these hearing devices. The Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing people are trying and willing to communicate with their relatives, employees, customers, classmates, or instructors. However, people do not look at a Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing person or a group of deaf people – they glance away and become distracted by their surroundings while conversing in a noisy or quiet ambiance. A Deaf person still needs to look at a person or people’s faces to read lips or facial expressions while conversing. Some people would talk fast or not speak clearly, not having gestures while not looking at a Deaf person. People don’t realize the created communication barriers are the experiences deaf people face daily. They would assume a deaf person is an expert at reading lips. [1] “Some deaf people can read lips (although studies have found that only 30 percent to 45 percent of what is said is generally understood), while others benefit from communicating via pro-tactile ASL.” Still, deaf people struggle to communicate with people.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Deaf--Means of communication--Interactive multimedia--Design; Lipreading--Interactive multimedia--Design

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Visual Communication Design (MFA)

Department, Program, or Center

School of Design (CAD)


Mike Strobert

Advisor/Committee Member

Adam Smith


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes