In summary, the four primary variables for human comfort - air temperature, wind speed, humidity, and mean radiant temperature - can be analyzed using solar analysis and computational fluid dynamics on computer-aided software. This allows for quick calculations and the ability to measure the effects of sun and wind on building design. Historically, designers relied on judgment for passive design decisions, but now with the help of software, sustainable architectural design solutions can be achieved. This includes utilizing proven passive techniques that have existed since ancient times but are often overlooked in favor of energy-consuming mechanical systems. This thesis challenges the need for air conditioning in arid climates and explores how low-carbon-emitting, passive strategies can achieve better human comfort while minimizing energy consumption. Using computer-aided software and sustainable design approaches can improve human comfort and reduce environmental impact in building design. Jaisalmer, a city in Rajasthan, India, is renowned for its rich history and vibrant culture, contributing to its rapid urban expansion. To minimize the carbon emissions for cooling and heating, this research evaluates the conversion of specific outdoor streets into pedestrian-only zones. This conversion creates an inviting and accessible environment for residents, encouraging them to engage in outdoor activities and reducing their reliance on air conditioning. This shift could have several benefits, including minimizing carbon emissions, improving the community's social life, and promoting physical and mental health for residents who may spend significant time at home due to the Indian lifestyle. By creating pedestrian-friendly spaces, Jaisalmer could enhance its unique heritage and lifestyle while fostering sustainability and well-being for its residents.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Solar air conditioning--India--Jaisalmer; Microclimatology--India--Jaisalmer; Sustainable architecture

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Architecture (M.Arch.)

Department, Program, or Center

Architecture (GIS)


Dennis Andrejko

Advisor/Committee Member

Seth Holmes


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes