With the growth of the supply chain and increased customer demand, warehouse operation has become very important. One of the critical functions of warehouse operation is to have a warehouse layout such that the day-to-day operations enable on-time delivery. Poor warehouse design can lead to ineffective warehouse space utilization and incur the cost associated with inefficient operations. The purpose of this study is to develop an analysis tool that enables companies to identify the appropriate mix of bulk and rack storage locations to utilize warehouse space effectively. A simulation-based methodology is used to determine the optimal mix of racks and bulk lanes for a warehouse layout considering inventory quantities and turnover rates. Evaluation parameters include the number of racks and storage locations, the number of bulk lanes and lane depth, and the velocity mapping of products based on demand. The experimental results demonstrate the trade-offs of key performance metrics for various system configurations.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Warehouses--Management--Computer simulation; Warehouses--Design and construction--Computer simulation; Business logistics

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Industrial and Systems Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Industrial and Systems Engineering (KGCOE)


Michael E. Kuhl

Advisor/Committee Member

Nasibeh Azadeh-Fard


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes