Luisa R. Swan


For my capstone, I will be breaking down some components of the evaluation of the Swift, Certain, and Fair probation program in Monroe County, New York. Monroe County Probation’s Swift, Certain & Fair Model Pilot Program focuses on offenders between 16–24 years old who have been arrested on certain gun charges (more specifically, Criminal Possession of a Weapon in the second degree). It is designed to help change the behaviors of those who may otherwise be unlikely to succeed under traditional probation supervision. This model extends the program development and analysis of a program known as HOPE (Hawaii Opportunity Probation with Enforcement). Swift, certain and fair responses to probationers’ non-compliant behavior and violations are the essential components of this model, and Rochester program developers modified this basic model suit the purpose of managing high-risk gun-related offenders. The outcome evaluation of Swift, Certain & Fair focuses on how well the program is running and whether the program has been successful in its goal to reduce recidivism and gun violence in Rochester, New York. This capstone will focus more specifically on the theory behind the program, the methodology used for this evaluation along with how the data is collected, and the preliminary results of this evaluation.

Publication Date


Document Type

Master's Project

Student Type


Degree Name

Criminal Justice (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Department of Criminal Justice (CLA)


Judy Porter


RIT – Main Campus