When one considers the macro scale of human existence, it is ultimately a never-ending cycle of futility. We are born, some of us reproduce, and then we die. No matter what exists within that cycle, those facts remain true. However, a futile existence does not have to be a meaningless one. When one considers the micro scale of human existence, there is beauty and joy within the lives of individuals. Individuality is an essential component our existence, and it allows us to spend our time on this planet in a meaningful way. Futility, as a concept, is not inherently pessimistic. Futility can also be beautiful, not despite of its nature, but because of it. The concept can be both depressing and uplifting simultaneously. Futility, and this dissonant relationship are what I hope to examine in this thesis exploration.

The title of my thesis, [Iteration 2491-J] references the importance of the iterative process throughout my journey of researching and creating my artwork. Not only, did iteration play a large role in the development of the physical artwork for my thesis exhibition, it also was an essential part of the implied narratives. The number 2491 is an homage to the single most influential piece of inspiration in my research, The Myth of Sisyphus by Albert Camus. The number is a reversal of 1942, the year the essay was original published.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Plastic sculpture--Themes, motives; Mixed media sculpture--Themes, motives; Painting--Themes, motives; Found objects (Art); Robots in art; Existentialism in art

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Fine Arts Studio (MFA)

Department, Program, or Center

School of Art (CAD)


Elizabeth Kronfield

Advisor/Committee Member

Denton Crawford

Advisor/Committee Member

John Aasp


2021 Outstanding Graduate Alumni Master's in Fine Arts Thesis Awardee


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes