The amount of raw generated data is growing at an exponential rate due to the greatly increasing number of sensors in electronic systems. While the majority of this data is never used, it is often kept for cases such as failure analysis. As such, archival memory storage, where data can be stored at an extremely high density at the cost of read latency, is becoming more popular than ever for long term storage. In biological organisms, Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) is used as a method of storing information in terms of simple building blocks, as to allow for larger and more complicated struc- tures in a density much higher than can currently be realized on modern memory devices. Given the ability for organisms to store this information in a set of four bases for an extremely long amounts of time with limited degradation, DNA presents itself as a possible way to store data in a manner similar to binary data. This work investigates the use of DNA strands as a storage regime, where system-level data is translated into an efficient encoding to minimize base pair errors both at a local level and at the chain level. An encoding method using a Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem (BCH) pre-coded Raptor scheme is implemented in conjunction with an 8 to 6 bi- nary to base translation, yielding an informational density of 1.18 bits/base pair. A Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) is then used in conjunction with a soft-core processor to verify address and key translation abilities, providing strong support that a strand-pool DNA model is reasonable for archival storage.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Computer storage devices; DNA
Computer Engineering (MS)
Department, Program, or Center
Computer Engineering (KGCOE)
Mason, Robert W., "A Study on DNA Memory Encoding Architecture" (2020). Thesis. Rochester Institute of Technology. Accessed from
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