While deep learning algorithms have made significant progress in automatic speech recognition and natural language processing, they require a significant amount of labelled training data to perform effectively. As such, these applications have not been extended to languages that have only limited amount of data available, such as extinct or endangered languages. Another problem caused by the rise of deep learning is that individuals with malicious intents have been able to leverage these algorithms to create fake contents that can pose serious harm to security and public safety. In this work, we explore the solutions to both of these problems. First, we investigate different data augmentation methods and acoustic architecture designs to improve automatic speech recognition performance on low-resource languages. Data augmentation for audio often involves changing the characteristic of the audio without modifying the ground truth. For example, different background noise can be added to an utterance while maintaining the content of the speech. We also explored how different acoustic model paradigms and complexity affect performance on low-resource languages. These methods are evaluated on Seneca, an endangered language spoken by a Native American tribe, and Iban, a low-resource language spoken in Malaysia and Brunei. Secondly, we explore methods to determine speaker identification and audio spoofing detection. A spoofing attack involves using either a text-to-speech voice conversion application to generate audio that mimic the identity of a target speaker. These methods are evaluated on the ASVSpoof 2019 Logical Access dataset containing audio generated using various methods of voice conversion and text-to-speech synthesis.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Natural language processing (Computer science); Machine learning; Automatic speech recognition; Endangered languages--Data processing

Publication Date


Document Type


Student Type


Degree Name

Computer Engineering (MS)

Department, Program, or Center

Computer Engineering (KGCOE)


Raymond Ptucha

Advisor/Committee Member

Alexander Loui

Advisor/Committee Member

Emily Prud'hommeaux


RIT – Main Campus

Plan Codes