Starting in December 2009, small companies classified as non-accelerated filers must obtain an internal control audit to comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. This study estimates the cost of the internal control audit for new accelerated filers in 2006 and 2007 and assesses whether the new internal control auditing standard, Auditing Standard No. 5, has reduced Section 404-related audit costs. The study finds that the median cost of the internal control audit as a percentage of total audit fees is 42% for new accelerated filers in 2006 and 37% in 2007. This suggests that Section 404-related audit costs have fallen modestly since Auditing Standard No. 5 was adopted, although the change is not statistically significant. The 2007 results provide a reasonable estimate of what non-accelerated filers will have to pay when they comply in 2009.

Date of creation, presentation, or exhibit



Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type

Conference Paper

Department, Program, or Center

Accounting (SCB)


RIT – Main Campus