One of the common issues that arises in abrasive machining is the inconsistency of the surface roughness within the same batch and under identical machining conditions. Recent advances in engineered abrasives have allowed replacement of the random arrangement of minerals on conventional belts with precisely shaped structures uniformly cast directly onto a backing material. This allows for abrasive belts that are more deterministic in shape, size, distribution, orientation, and composition. A computer model based on known tooling geometry was developed to approximate the asymptotic surface profile that was achievable under specific loading conditions. Outputs included the theoretical surface parameters, R^sub q^, R^sub a^, R^sub v^, R^sub p^, R^sub t^, and R^sub sk^. Experimental validation was performed with a custom-made abrader apparatus and using engineered abrasives on highly polished aluminum samples. Interferometric microscopy was used in assessing the surface roughness. Results include the individual effects of pyramid base width, pyramid height, attack angle, and indentation depth on the surface descriptors.

Publication Date



This is the pre-print of an article published by Elsevier. Copyright © 2005 Society of Manufacturing Engineers. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The final, published version can be located here: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1526-6125(05)70078-5

Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works in February 2014.

Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Industrial and Systems Engineering (KGCOE)


RIT – Main Campus