For an undirected simple graph $G$, we write $G \rightarrow (H_1, H_2)^v$ if and only if for every red-blue coloring of its vertices there exists a red $H_1$ or a blue $H_2$. The generalized vertex Folkman number $F_v(H_1, H_2; H)$ is defined as the smallest integer $n$ for which there exists an $H$-free graph $G$ of order $n$ such that $G \rightarrow (H_1, H_2)^v$. The generalized edge Folkman numbers $F_e(H_1, H_2; H)$ are defined similarly, when colorings of the edges are considered. We show that $F_e(K_{k+1},K_{k+1};K_{k+2}-e)$ and $F_v(K_k,K_k;K_{k+1}-e)$ are well defined for $k \geq 3$. We prove the nonexistence of $F_e(K_3,K_3;H)$ for some $H$, in particular for $H=B_3$, where $B_k$ is the book graph of $k$ triangular pages, and for $H=K_1+P_4$. We pose three problems on generalized Folkman numbers, including the existence question of edge Folkman numbers $F_e(K_3, K_3; B_4)$, $F_e(K_3, K_3; K_1+C_4)$ and $F_e(K_3, K_3; \overline{P_2 \cup P_3} )$. Our results lead to some general inequalities involving two-color and multicolor Folkman numbers.

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This is a pre-print of an article published in Graphs and Combinatorics. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00373-018-1935-3

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Department, Program, or Center

Computer Science (GCCIS)


RIT – Main Campus