It is widely recognized that children with special needs require considerably more help in and out of the classroom in order to achieve access equal to that of children without special needs. A series of laws in the United States has been established to focus on the needs of special needs children (for example: Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act - IDEA - of 1990),and these laws have a significant impact on children who are deaf or hard of hearing (hereafter, deaf). The IDEA (P.L. 101-476& 105-17), for example, has opened the way for public education programs providing free and appropriate schooling in the "least restrictive environment" (Meadow-Orlans, 2001).

Publication Date


Document Type

Master's Project

Student Type


Department, Program, or Center

Master of Science of Secondary Education of Students Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (NTID)


Emerton, Greg

Advisor/Committee Member

Albertini, John

Advisor/Committee Member

Bateman, Gerald


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