Lee Kowalsky


This research study investigates Internet chat visual tools in communications used by Deaf and hard of hearing users and how the users interact with the chat tools expressing their visual language to convey the best message they can in general. A number of Internet chat tools consisting of visual emoticons have been established and implemented for online communications. These tools are generalized for public use. In this study, the research includes the current IM model, along with my recent studies, which use Deaf/hard of hearing for this project. An analysis of the results and prototype of this study on Internet Chat tools for Deaf and hard of hearing users is included. The majority of the Deaf and hard of hearing users prefer an animated library of smiley faces.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Telecommunications devices for the deaf; Deaf--Means of communication; Online chat groups--Computer programs; Teleconferencing

Publication Date


Document Type


Department, Program, or Center

Information Sciences and Technologies (GCCIS)


Fischer, Susan

Advisor/Committee Member

Jacobs, Steve

Advisor/Committee Member

Oyzon, Elouise


Note: imported from RIT’s Digital Media Library running on DSpace to RIT Scholar Works. Physical copy available through RIT's The Wallace Library at: HV2502.5 .K693 2001


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